Original article appeared in iumrshq.org.
The Second International Conferenceof Young Researchers on Advanced Materials (IUMRS-ICYRAM 2014) was held in Haikou, Hainan, China from October 24-29, 2014. The conference was very successful with almost 1000 attendees. The program was aimed towards those researchers under the age of 40 and provided an excellent forum for these younger students and faculty to meet and exchange ideas.
The conference covered a wide range of topics:
|A. Energy Materials
A1-Energy Storage -- Batteries and Supercapacitors
A2-Energy Conversion -- Photocatalysis, Fuel cells & Solar Cells
|B. Electronic Materials
B1-Optoelectronic and Photonic Materials
B2-Electronic Materials and Devices
|C. Nanomaterials and Devices
C2-Multifunctional and Hybrid Nanomaterials
|D. Advanced Ceramic Materials
D1-Advanced Ceramic Materials
|E. Advanced Metallic Materials
E1-Advanced High Strength Steels: Processing-structure-property
E2-Light Alloys and Metal-based Composites
E3-Materials Processing and Metastable Materials
F1-Biomedical and Bioinspired Materials
|G. Materials Characterization and Evaluation
G1-Structure and Properties of Materials at the Micro- and Nano- Scale
G2-Surfaces and Interfaces
|H. Materials Modeling and Simulation
H1-Computational Materials Methods, Design and Applications
H2-Modeling and Simulation of Functional Materials
There were seven plenary speakers and their presentations are listed in this report.
Professor Huiming Cheng of the Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of MetalResearch, Chinese Academy of Science, talked about the progress that has been made in carbon nanotubes and especially graphene where very large sheets (14 inches square) films, and foams have been manufactured by chemical exfoliation and CVD. He reported that high quality graphene films have been produced for electronics and optoelectronics. Graphene-based materials have also found applications in energy storage in Li+ batteries, Li-S batteries, and supercapacitors. Graphene can also be used in anti-corrosion composite coatings, thermal management materials, elastic conductors with very high conductivity, and lightweight and flexible EMI shielding materials.
Professor Jim de Yoreo of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in the USA gave a fascinating talk on "Nature's Way of Making Materials". He showed how the self-assembly of protein into matrices can impose order on subsequent mineralization processes. Marine organisms use such processes and in removing CO2 from the atmosphere have a large impact on human health. De Yoreo and his team used in-situ AFM and TEM combined with dynamic force microscopy (DFS)and molecular dynamics to investigate these processes of nature.
Professor Anke Weidenkaff of the University of Stuttgart, Germany, talked about Perovskite-type and Heusler Materials and how they show great potential for solar energy processes because of their band structures and strongly correlated electronic systems. They are basically thermoelectric converters which, together with some novel photocatalysts, have been developed by Professor Weidenkaff following theoretical predictions.
Professor Voorhees of Northwestern University, Chicago, USA described his work on the Materials Genome Initiative, which is a computational approach to the design of materials using a combination of measured and computed properties of the material. The technique employs experimentally measured microstructures as an initial condition and then computes the predicted microstructure at some future time where it can be measured experimentally. The technique is very stringent and can be used to identify important phenomena that can be lost in an averaging process.
Prof. Rodrigo Ferrπode Paiva Martins is from the Faculty of Science and Technology of the New University of Lisbon, Portugal. His talk showed that advanced materials are key components in industrial production and global wealth in the fields of energy, information and communication technology, and life sciences. To help this concept, this year the European Commission launched the so-called "Materials Common House" to enable a common path which integrates investigators, resources and strategies from the fundamental aspects of materials science up to the industrial realization of products.
Professor Robert P. H. Chang of Northwestern University discussed his establishment of the Global Materials Network (GMN) which seeks to bring together the countries and citizens of the world to solve the critical global challenges of clean energy, environmental protection, and security using materials science and engineering. The vehicle for this effort, the Global Materials Network, provides a particularly important platform for Young Researchers to communicate and collaborate in materials science and education both in cyber and real space. He described the role that young researchers can play in the GMN.
Professor Ali Khademhosseini of MIT, USA is the winner of this year's Young Investigator Award. He talked about engineering tissue regenerative therapies using water-containing polymer networks (hydrogels) to regulate cell behavior. The functional scaffolds created can differentiate stem cells into vascularized heart or bone cells. Tissue function is dependent upon architecture and Professor Khademhosseini and his group have used microfluidics, photolithography, bioprinting and molding to control the architecture and generate miniaturized tissues. This technology will lead to next-generation regenerative therapeutic and biomedical devices.
|1 Cheng||Plenary Talk by Cheng||5354 Kb|
|15 Predojevic||Invited Talk by Predojevic||647 Kb|
|10 Habermeier||Invited Talk by Habermeier||3657 Kb|
|2 De Yoreo||Plenary Talk by De Yoreo||10105 Kb|
|5 Martins||Plenary Talk by Martins||7132 Kb|
|4 Voorhees||Plenary Talk by Voorhees||3302 Kb|
|3 Wiedenkaff||Plenary Talk by Weidenkaff||11346 Kb|
|7 Khademhosseini||Plenary Talk by Khademhosseini, Young Investigator Award Winner||5566 Kb|
|20 Binas||Contributed Talk by Binas||1115 Kb|
|30 Weber||Keynote Invited Talk by Weber||2427 Kb|
The first workshop of Global Materials Network was held in Montreal on May 23, 2014. This event was an excellent forum for scientists and students to exchange ideas and discuss local and global challenges as well as different collaborative research and teaching opportunities related to the broad field of materials science and engineering. In order to insure a diverse audience and contributions that cover most important topics in advanced materials science, the participation in the workshop was upon direct invitation from the organizing committee. Most of the participants are faculty members (about 20) and students (about 40) mostly from Polytechnique Montréal, McGill University, INRS, Concordia University, and Université de Montréal.